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All About the Stock Flower

The stock is a pretty flower with a pleasing aroma – somewhat like the scent of cloves – spicy and sweet, and is often used in arrangements due to its pleasant fragrance. Its proper Latin name is “mathiola”, and if searching for information about the flower, it is usually easiest to search for its Latin name due to how common the word “stock” is! The mathiola is common in the Mediterranean and Asia, with some being commonly found in the southern parts of Africa. The flower gives a meaning of affection or a bond of affection and implies that the person giving the flower will forever find the receiver beautiful.

Description of the Stock Flower

The mathiola (or “stock”) is part of a genus of around 140 other species and generally has either single or double flowers that are approximately 1 inch in diameter. Many of the other of the species in this genus tend towards being shrubby herb-type plants. It is a common garden flower, and has leaves that are large and have a slightly fluffy but simultaneously leathery texture. It is a romantic looking flower, and can add a fresh “garden” feel to bouquets and flower arrangements. The flower comes in a variety of different colors, including lavenders and purples, pinks, peaches and yellows, cream and white. They can grow to around two and a half feet tall, and generally thrive in cooler climates. They are relatively easy to grow, and not particularly demanding, so make a good garden flower.

Uses for Stock

The stock makes an excellent garden plant, and is great for the borders or edging of your lawn. You should plant them towards the back of your flower bed where possible due to the flowers growing to quite a significant height. The stock flower is commonly used in bouquets due to its sweet, spicy scent. The flowers make great cut flowers for indoor arrangements because of both the scent and also the vibrant colors in which it is available. There is also a dwarf variety that is available – it is suitable for smaller arrangements or the front of your flower bed. The dwarf variety should not be planted behind the tall mathiola, or you will not be able to see them once they have bloomed!

Growing Stock

The mathiola flower is an annual flower that blooms from around March onwards, and once blooming continues to grow with few problems. The flower is not generally subject to pests or insects, although some people recommend treating it with insecticide fairly regularly to keep any pests at bay. They need watering during dry periods – around once or twice a week, and enjoy plenty of light and warmth. The mathiola will survive a light frost, but that is all. They can tolerate shade to a certain extent, but not if it gets too dark or too cold. You should also ensure that they are kept free from weeds, as you would with any other flower or plant. General purpose fertilizer should be added to your flower bed approximately once a month to keep your soil in optimum condition.